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Publications
  1. (Recipients of the 2012 Howard I. Sanderow Outstanding Technical Paper Award.) Bernard Tougas, Carl Blais, Maude Larouche, François Chagnon, Sylvain Pelletier, (2012), Characterization of the formation of nickel rich areas in PM nickel steels and their effect on mechanical properties, accepted july 2012 for publication in the January 2013 issue of the International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. (NSERC-Strategic) 
  2. Alexandre Bois-Brochu, Carl Blais, Franck Armel Tchitembo Goma, Daniel Larouche, Julien Boselli, Mathieu Brochu, (2012), Characterization of Al-Li 2099 Extrusions and the Influence of Fiber Texture on the Anisotropy of Static Mechanical Properties, submitted to Materials Science and Engineering A, October 2012. (NSERC-Strategic)
  3. Bernard Tougas, Carl Blais, François Chagnon, Sylvain Pelletier, (2012), Characterization of nickel diffusion in PM nickel steels, accepted Oct. 2012 for publication in the Nov./Dec. 2012 issue of the International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. (NSERC-Strategic)
  4. Nicolas Giguère, Carl Blais, (2012), On the optimization of compressibility and hardenability of sinter-hardenable PM steels, accepted for publication in Materials and Metallurgical Transactions A, manuscript #E-TP-12-360AR. (NCE-Auto21)
  5. Bernard Tougas, Carl Blais, Sylvain Pelletier, François Chagnon, (2012), Effects of additions of nickel nanoparticles on the sintering response of PM hybrid low-alloy steels, accepted for publication in Powder Metallurgy, manuscript # POM1822. (NSERC-Strategic)
  6. Bernard Tougas, Carl Blais, Sylvain Pelletier, François Chagnon, (2012), Strain-induced martensite formation in pm nickel steels, accepted for publication in Powder Metallurgy, manuscript # POM1785. (NSERC-Strategic)
  7. Bernard Tougas, Carl Blais, Sylvain Pelletier, François Chagnon, (2012), Characterization of admixed nickel diffusion in PM nickel steels, accepted for publication in Materials and Metallurgical Transactions A, manuscript #E-TP-11-1333. (NSERC-Strategic)
  8. Jean Desbiens, Carl Blais, Étienne Robert-Perron, François Chagnon, (2012), Characterization of tensile en fatigue properties of Sinter-hardenable PM steel specimens machined in their green state, Journal of Materials Science and Engineering A, 546, 218-222. (NCE-Auto21)
  9. Wen Long Zhang, Madhavarao Krishnadev, Carl Blais, Maude Larouche (2011), Characterization of the aging kinetics of copper precipitation and accompanying microstructural changes in actual welded HAZ and weld metal of a modern copper-precipitation strengthened HSLA Steel, submitted to ISIJ International, October 2011. (NSERC-Discovery)
  10. François Beaudet, Carl Blais, Gilles L’espéranceLouis-Philippe Masse, Hoang Lehuy, Benoit Voyzelle, Madhavarao Krishnadev, (2011), Improvement of hardenability and static mechanical properties of P20+0.5Ni mould steel through additions of vanadium and boron, ISIJ International, Vol. 52, No. 3, pp. 425–434. (NSERC-Discovery)
  11. Madhavarao Krishnadev, Edward Ghali, Claude Lincourt, Carl Blais, Maude Larouche (2009), Case studies in failure analysis: from civilian structures to dies and tooling, lessons learned, Charles R. Morin Memorial Symposium on Failure Analysis and Prevention, Materials Science & Technology 2009, Pittsburgh, PA, Oct. 25-29. 
  12. Nicolas Giguère, Carl Blais, (2009), Modelization of the Influence of Admixing and Prealloying on the Optimization of Compressibility and Hardenability of Sinter-Hardenable Steel Poders, to be published in Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on  Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, Las Vegas, NV, June 28 to July 1.
  13. Carl Blais et al., (2009), Characterization of powders and pm components in transmission electron microscopy, Intl. J. Powder Metal., vol 45, (2), pp.29-38. invited paper.
  14. Machining of PM materials: a secondary shaping operation of primary concern, Intl. J. Powder Metal, Focus issue: PM Machining., vol. 44, (2), pp 13-14. Invited paper.
  15. Bernard Tougas, Carl Blais, Gilles L'Espérance, (2008), New iron powder with improved machinability, Proceedings of the 2008 World Congress on  Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, Washington, DC, June 8 to 12.
  16. Carl Blais, (2008), Machining of PM materials: a secondary shaping operation of primary concern, Intl. J. Powder Metal, vol. 44, (2), pp 13-14.
  17. Étienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais, (2008), Machining of Green PM Components: Keys, Applications and Sintered Properties, Intl. J. Powder Metal, vol. 44, (2), pp 33-40.
  18. Patrick Boilard, Gilles L'Espérance, Carl Blais, (2008), Effect of Prealloyed MnS Content and Density on Machinability and Mechanical Properties, Intl. J. Powder Metal, vol. 44, (2), pp 41-48.     
  19. Philippe Lapointe, Carl Blais, Sylvain Pelletier, Yannig Thomas, Sylvain St-Laurent, (2007), Characterization of Different Lubrication Approaches to Improve Green Machinability, Proceedings of EuroPM 2007, Toulouse, France, 15 – 17 octobre.
  20. Etienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais, Sylvain Pelletier, Yannig Thomas, (2007), Binder / Lubricants in Green Machining, Proceedings of the 2007 MPIF/APMI International Conference on  Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, Denver, CO, May 13 to 16.
  21. Étienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais, Sylvain Pelletier et Yannig Thomas, (2007), Drilling of High Quality Features in Green Powder Metallurgy Components, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 458, Issues 1-2, 15 June 2007, pp 195-20.
  22. Étienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais, Sylvain Pelletier, Yannig Thomas et Sylvain St-Laurent, (2007), Reclamation of Chips Generated During Green Machining for Producing High Performance PM Components, International Journal of Powder Metallurgy; vol. 43, 3, pp.49-55.
  23. Étienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais, Sylvain Pelletier et Yannig Thomas, (2007), Machinability of Green PM Components, Part 1: Characterization of the Influence of Tool Wear, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, vol.36, (6), pp.1130-1136.
  24. Étienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais, Sylvain Pelletier et Yannig Thomas, (2007), Machinability of Green PM Components, Part 2: Sintered properties of components machined in green state, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, vol.36, (6), pp.1137-1142.
  25. Étienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais et Sylvain Pelletier, (2007), Tensile properties of sinter hardened PM components machined in their green state, accepté pour publication dans Powder Metallurgy.
  26. Carl Blais, et al., (2006), Effect of mix composition on the machinability of sintered PM parts for turning and drilling operations. Proceedings of the 2006 MPIF/APMI International Conference on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, San Diego, CA, June 20 to 23 (invited speaker).
  27. Étienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais, et al., (2006), Possibilities in green machining: A promising future. Proceedings of the 2006 MPIF/APMI International Conference on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, San Diego, CA, June 20 to 23.
  28. Julie Campbell-Tremblay, Carl Blais, Gilles L'Espérance, Patrick Boilard, (2005), Characterization of the Fatigue Performance of P/M Components Produced with Powders Developed for Improved Machinability, Proceedings of the 2005, International Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Montréal, Canada, June 20 to 23.
  29. Carl Blais, (2005), Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials Research at Canadian Universities - Part I, Special Interest Program: Powder Metallurgy in Academe, Proceedings of the 2005, International Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Montréal, Canada, June 20 to 23 (invited speaker).
  30. Carl Blais, Raymond E. Serafini Jr., Gilles L'Espérance, (2005) Sinter-hardening optimization through atmosphere modification, International Journal of Powder Metallurgy, 41, 4, pp. 33-41. 
  31. Étienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais, Yannig Thomas, Sylvain Pelletier, Martin Dionne, (2005), An Integrated Approach to the Characterization of Powder Metallurgy Components Performances during Green Machining, Materials Science and Engineering A, 402, pp. 325-334.
  32. Carl Blais, Gilles L'Espérance, Philippe Plamondon, State of the art characterization of P/M powders and components in transmission electron microscopy, part II: example of applications, accepté pour publication dans P/M Science and Technology Briefs, Vol, 6, no. 4, 2005. 
  33. Étienne Robert-Perron, Carl Blais, Martin Dionne, Yannig Thomas, (2004), An integrated approach to the characterization of P/M components performances during green machining, Proceedings of the 2004 International Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Chicago, IL, 12 au 17 juin.
  34. Gilles L'Espérance, Carl Blais, Philippe Plamondon, (2004) State of the art characterization of P/M powders and components in transmission electron microscopy, part I: specimen preparation using the focussed ion beam technique, P/M Science and Technology Briefs, Vol, 6, no. 3, 2004, pp. 5-9.
  35. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, P. Plamondon, (2003), Characterization of chip formation during orthogonal cutting of P/M Steels, Proceedings of the 2003 International Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Las Vegas, NV, June 8 to 12.
  36. C. Blais, (2003), Invited to make a presentation on the machining of P/M components, 2003 Metal Powder Industries Federation Powder Metallurgy Machinability Seminar, Dec. 3-4, Detroit, MI. Title of the presentation: The Bold and the Machinist: Modeling the Machining Behavior of P/M components.
  37. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, (2002), Turning and Drilling of Parts Made from Sinter-Hardenable Steel Powders, Powder Metallurgy, 45, No1, 39-45.
  38. C. Blais, B. Young, G. L'Espérance, (2002), Hard Turning of Parts Made From Sinter Hardenable Powders, Proceedings of the 2002 World Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Orlando, Fl, June 16 to 21.
  39. C. Blais, B. Young, G. L'Espérance, (2002), Hard Turning of Parts Made From Sinter Hardenable Powders, 2002 World Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Orlando, Fl, June 16 to 21.
  40. R. Serafini, C. Blais, G. Heigel, D. Reardon, (2002), Sinter Hardening Optimization Through Atmosphere Modifications, Proceedings of the 2002 World Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Special Interest Program : Sinter Hardening : Materials, Processes & Properties, Orlando, Fl, June 16 to 21.
  41. R. Serafini, C. Blais, G. Heigel, D. Reardon, (2002), Sinter Hardening Optimization Through Atmosphere Modifications, Proceedings of the 2002 World Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Special Interest Program : Sinter Hardening : Materials, Processes & Properties, Orlando, Fl, June 16 to 21.
  42. P. Beaulieu, G. L'Espérance, C. Blais, (2002), Influence of the Cooling Cycle on Sinterhardenability and Mechanical Properties of Newly Developped Mn-Ni-Mo Prealloyed Powders, Proceedings of the 2002 World Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Special Interest Program : Sinter Hardening : Materials, Processes & Properties, Orlando, Fl, June 16 to 21.
  43. C. Blais, (2002), Invited to make a presentation on the machinability of parts made from sinter-hardenable powders: 2002 MPIF Machinability Seminar, Feb.12 and 13 2002, Louisville, KY, USA.  Title of the presentation: Machinability Characterization of Parts Made From Sinter-Hardenable Powders: Effect of Additives and Microstructure. 
  44. C. Blais, (2001), The ‘Microstructure-Mechanical Properties-Machinability' Relationship of Sinter-Hardening Powders, Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Special Interest Program : Applied P/M Machinability, New Orleans, May 13 to 17. (invited speaker).
  45. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, I. Bourgeois, (2001), Characterisation of the Machinability of Sintered Steels During Drilling Operations, Powder Metallurgy, 44 (1), 67-76.
  46. R. Serafini, C. Blais, (2001), Furnace Atmosphere Optimization for Sinter-Hardening, Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials,  New Orleans, May 13 to 17, pp. 5-57 to 5-72.
  47. P. Plamondon, G. L'Espérance, C. Blais, (2001), Optimization of Pre-Alloyed MnS Steel Powders for Improved Machinability, Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials,  New Orleans, May 13 to 17 , pp.6-29 à 6-39.
  48. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, (2001), Optimization of Machining Operations of Parts Made of High Performance Alloyed Powders, SAE Technical Paper Series - Powdered Metal Performance Applications (document SP-1610), SAE International, Warrendale, PA, 47-52.
  49. M. Dionne, C. Blais, G. L'Espérance (2000), New Procedure for the Preparation of Thin Foils for TEM Characterization, Microscopy and Analysis, 45, 11-12. 
  50. C. Blais, (2000), Turning and drilling of parts made from sinter hardenable steels, 2000 International Conference on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Special Interest Program : Sinter-hardening:Materials, Processes and Applications., New York, May 30 to June 3.
  51. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, C. Forget, (2000), Method Based on Integrated Microscopy to Determine the Fraction of Alloyed/Unalloyed Particles in P/M Steel Powders and Parts, P/M Science & Technology Briefs, vol. 2, 5, 18-23.
  52. C. Blais, (1999), Invited to make a presentation on the drilling of P/M parts, 1999 Metal Powder Industries Federation Powder Metallurgy Machinability Seminar, Oct. 13-14, Indianapolis, IN. Title of the presentation: Characterization of the Machinability of P/M Parts During Drilling Operations.
  53. C. Blais, I. Bourgeois, G. L'Espérance, (1999), Machinability Characterization: Effect of the characteristics of sintered steels on the shape of the « drillability » curves, Special Interest Program: P/M Machinability, 1999 International Conference on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, Vancouver, June 20-24.
  54. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, G.M. Evans, (1998)Characterization of inclusions found in C-Mn steel welds containing titanium, in the proceedings of the « 79th Annual American Welding Society Convention», Detroit, MI, April 27 to 30, 244-245.  
  55. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, P. Miele, (1998), Experimental evaluation of reducibility of oxide particles found in powders and P/M parts, Advances in Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials - 1998, Metal Powder Industry Federation, Princeton NJ, Vol. 1, 2-41 – 2-50.
  56. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, É. Baril, (1998), Characterization of 25-75 nm phases found at the periphery of multiphase inclusions: techniques comparison and selection, Journal of Microscopy, vol. 189, part. 3, 249-262.
  57. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, (1998), Characterization of inclusions in steel: when not only size matters, Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum Bulletin, vol.91, no. 1021, 116-120.
  58. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, G.M. Evans, (1998)Characterization of inclusions found in C-Mn steel welds containing titanium, Science and Technology of Welding Joining, vol. 4, no. 3, 143-150.
  59. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, É. Baril, É. St-Pierre, (1998). Complete characterization of second phase particles using a system integrating SEM, image analysis and EDS, The role of characterization in understanding environmental degradation of materials; ed.: D.E. Alman, J.A. Hawk, J.W. Simmons, American Society for Materials (ASM), Materials Park, OH, 477-483.
  60. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, H. LeHuy, C. Forget, (1997), Development of an integrated method for fully characterizing multiphase inclusions and its application to calcium-treated steels, Materials Characterization, 38, 25-37.
  61. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, B. Deschênes, A. de Rege, (1997), The influence of furnace atmospheres on the chemistry of additives to powders made for improved machinability, Advances in Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials - 1997, Metal Powder Industry Federation, Princeton NJ, vol. 2, 15-29 – 15-42.
  62. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, A. de Rege, (1997), State of the art characterization of second phase particles found in powders and P/M parts, Advances in Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials - 1997, Metal Powder Industry Federation, Princeton, NJ, vol. 2, 15-3 – 15-16.
  63. G. L'Espérance, C. Blais, R. Goldman, (1997). New technologies for the characterization of non-metallic inclusions, Ingot Metallurgy Forum Eleventh Symposium on Advances in Refractories and Interactions with Steel, May 14th - Pittsburgh, PA.
  64. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, É. Baril, C. Forget, (1996), Characterization of small inclusions: SEM vs TEM or is it even worth considering SEM?, in the proceedings of Microscopy & Microanalysis ‘96, San Francisco Press, San Francisco, CA, 498-499.
  65. C. Blais, G. L'Espérance, É. Baril, C. Forget, (1995), An estimation of errors resulting from stereological measurements of inclusions characterized by X-ray mapping in SEM, in the proceedings of the 29th annual conference of the « Microbeam Analysis Society », ed.: Edgar S. Etz, VCH Publishers, Cambridge U.K., 377-378.
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Laboratoire de métallurgie des poudres de l'université Laval - Faculté des sciences et de génie
1718, Pavillon Adrien-Pouliot Université Laval Québec G1K 7P4
Téléphone : 418 656-2131  Télécopieur : 418 656-5343  Courriel : carl.blais@gmn.ulaval.ca
 
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